SCID Psychiatric measure
Two clinical measures of psychiatric
disorder are included in the Collection. Initially the Present State
Examination was used – a semi-structured interview covering
depression and anxiety in the year before interview. Clnical thresholds
were determined by the presence of key symptoms (labelled the Bedford
College Criterioin) prior to the computerised diagnostic tests available.
this was supplanted by the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM which
was adopted because of its facility for measuring life time disorder
and its modular format which meant that selected disorders could be
assessed. However, whilst the SCID is usually completed ‘pen
and paper’ at interview, in order to be consistent with other
measures, the interview was tape-recorded and scored later after carefully
listening to the recording. This together with consensus rating meetings
were used to agree symptoms and diagnosis. These meetings and ratings
were overseen by psychiatrists working with the team (Prof Tom Craig
and Dr Soumitra Pathare).
examined over the lifecourse from the age of 13 included: Major Depression;
Anxiety Disorders (Generalised Anxiety Disorder; Panic and/or Agoraphobia
and Social Phobia); Substance Abuse and Dependence and Eating Disorder.
In addition, conduct disorder and adult Antisocial Personality Disorder
were also rated. Course of disorder over the lifespan was rated on
a time record which was repeated for onset and offset of each disorder.
Cooper, J. E., & et al. (1977). Further studies on interviewer
training and inter-rater reliability of the Present State
Examination (PSE).Psychological Medicine, 7, 517-523.
Brown, G. W., & Craig, T. K. (1986). Psychiatric cases
in community studies: How important an issue? Social Science
and Medicine, 22, 173-183.
First, M., Gibbon, M., Spitzer, R., & Williams, G. (1996).
Users guide for SCID: Biometrics Research Division.
Wing, J. K., Cooper, J. E., & Sartorius, N. (1974). The
measurement and classification of psychiatric symptoms: An
instruction manual for the Present State Examination and CATEGO
programme. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press